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Re: mod_jk - fail_on_status per LB, not per worker

Rainer Jung

2007-10-04

Replies:

No easy idea. At the moment, fail_on_status is only for workers, and not
for workers in mounts.

If you want to go the worker way, there are some simple tricks to not
make it to complicated:

- you can use the reference-attribute, to use worker templates. That way
each worker only needs to config lines, that are individual for the
worker. Worker templates also work hierarchical, so you can have a very
general setup, then some additional things for alle workers belonging to
some app etc. and finally the things for individual workers.

- If you use multiple workers per Tomcat (e.g. worker=webapp), then to
keep stickyness, you don't use the automatic worker name = jvmRoute.
Instead you add the route attribute to the workers, giving multiple
workers (webapps) the same route. This could again be done in a template
via a reference.

- make sure, that you use the idle timeout mechanisms of the connection
pools, because each webapp-lb will have it's own connection pool to the
target Tomcat (and each connection needs a thread inside the target
Tomcat). Look at

http://tomcat.apache.org/connectors-doc/generic_howto/timeouts.html

- If you use fail_on_status, you want to ensure, you are using version
1.2.25. fail_on_status is relatively new, and we had some fixes in the
latest versions. At the moment, there is no known bug about it.

- Unfortunately there's a bug with "reference" and debug log level for
JK in 1.2.25 (the bug really only shows up with debug log level, but
then the web server immediately crashes during startup). The fix is in
trunk, but not yet released.

It might be nice to think deeper about how to structure the objects
around lb/workers on the one side, and mounts on the other side. At the
moment we can only manage mounts or lbs or workers, but not an lb or
worker in a mount.

Regards,

Rainer

James Masson wrote:
> Hi list,
>
> I have a fully working mod_jk High-Availability Tomcat environment at
> the moment, and I'm looking to start catching web-app failures, as well
> as Tomcat server failures.
>
> At the moment, the service looks like this:
>
> Two Alteon hardware load balancers
> feeding
> Two mod_jk apache servers
> feeding
> Four Tomcat 5.5 servers
>
> I have at least six applications running on each identical Tomcat
> instance, with the incoming connections balanced equally between the
> four Tomcat servers.
>
> The config is set up like this.
>
> worker.list=app1,app2,app3,app4,app5
>
> worker.tomcat1.port=8009
> ...
> worker.tomcat2.port=8009
> ...
> worker.tomcat3.port=8009
> ...
> worker.tomcat4.port=8009
>
> worker.app1.type=lb
> worker.app1.balance_workers=tomcat1,tomcat2,tomcat3,tomcat4
>
> worker.app2.type=lb
> worker.app2.balance_workers=tomcat1,tomcat2,tomcat3,tomcat4
>
> etc.
>
>
> The applications themselves will return a 500-error if they encounter an
> internal failure. I want to be able to detect this, and redirect around
> the failing application instance.
>
> I'm aware I can do this for the tomcat server worker, but using the
> fail_on_status directive will take an entire server out of the cluster.
> Using fail_on_status , there's a possibility that one misbehaving
> web-app can destroy the whole environment!
>
> Is there a way I can use mod_jk to redirect around a failed application
> only, instead of taking out an entire server? Or am I misinterpreting
> something?
>
> I think this is possible if I create an AJP worker for each web-app on
> each server - but that config will be ridiculously complex, and I'll
> likely have problems with jvmRoute variables, and such.
>
> Any ideas?
>
> thanks
>
> James Masson

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